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His Majesties Proclamation in Scotland with an Explanation of the Meaning of the Oath and Covenant. By the Lord Marquesse, his Majesties high Commissioner. Set forth by the Kings special licence.
Reference #: 1787
List Price: $255.00
London, Robert Young; 1639. (The ‘Lord Marquesse’ was James, Duke of Hamilton.) Small octavo (18 cm.), in sewn wraps; woodcut royal coat-of-arms on p. 1, and woodcut device on title. Light soiling, especially near top edge.
This important document provides a small part of the foundation of the unrest in Scotland that eventually led firstly to the defeat of Charles I in the Bishops’ War 1639-40, and ultimately to his execution in 1649. The “Oath and Covenant” referred to in the title relates to his offer of a new Covenant softening, from his perspective, the National Covenant of 1638. The mixing of questions of faith and of political power had its roots in Charles’s attempt to control the Church of Scotland by unifying its practices with that of the Church of England. The issue was complicated by the determinism fundamental to Calvinist theology and its impact on the Divine Right of Kings. (cf. Houston and Knox, The History of Scotland, London, 2006, Vol. 1, pp. 367 ff., especially the section “The Covenanting Revolution, 1637-1651” beginning at p. 373.)
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